00:00, 01 декабря 2010, Популярные статьи

Totally Tae Kwon Do

Close Quarter Taekwon-Do

Ainley Jason
22 () 2010, 01 декабря 2010
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Методики подготовки, Профессиональный спорт

Close Quarter Taekwon-Do

Front elbow

Фото: Front elbow

Taekwon-do over the years has gone through many changes, from a martial art originally taught to the Korean military and pressure tested on the battlefields of south east Asia then introduced to civilians and with this the introduction of competition / combat sport boomed and from that moment ITF style Taekwon-do seemed to lose its Martial heritage.

To many onlookers Taekwon-do is a dynamic martial art that can only be practiced by super fit, super flexible athletes with techniques that are only effective in a sporting arena when applied a long range punching and kicking distance and under the strict supervision of a referee, this led to many martial artists from reality based styles and Taekwon-do students themselves questioning the practicality of this popular martial art in a physical self defence situation.

In this article we can look practical techniques that have to be employed when a physical encounter outside of the dojang/ competition floor arises, the kind of methods that have to be employed when verbal dissuasion and pre emptive strikes have failed.

We will look at the application of elbow and knee strikes found in the Chang Hon system, the techniques involved in close quarter grappling range when the need to get brutal for survival is necessary.

The elbow strikes found in Taekwon-do are mainly


1. Front elbow strike

2. Upward elbow strike

3. Downward elbow thrust

4. Side elbow strike.

5. Back elbow thrust.

Point of contact for striking with these techniques is important as we have to minimise damage to our own elbow on impact, although termed elbow strikes the point of contact is not on the point of the elbow itself but just under the elbow joint on the ulna bone for side and rising elbow strikes and just above the elbow at the bottom of the triceps muscle for a downward elbow strike.

Front elbow & downward elbow in low block application.

From chamber position from a low block applying front elbow strike then applying downward elbow strike when executing low block.

1. From clinch chambers low block applying front elbow strike.

2. Step forward with lead leg and apply downward elbow to either collarbone or solar plexus depending on the position and height of opponent

3. Extend arm into low block position taking attacker down over lead leg.

Front elbow strike Yul Gok

Moves 22 to 24 and 25 to 27 in Yul Gok pattern, bending ready stance, side kick, front elbow strike. (Ap palkup taeragi)

1. From clinch defender executes sweep with left leg. Similar to move 22 bending ready stance

2. Executes low side kick to attackers lower leg. Move 23

3. Places left hand behind attackers head setting datum for side elbow strike. Move 24.

Upward elbow strike Joong - Gun

Moves 7,8,9 & 10 Joong Gun, Knifehand guarding block, upward elbow strike (Ap palkup Taeragi)

1. From inside grappling range attacker attempts to throw right hand haymaker punch.

2. Defender checks incoming punch with Knife hand Guarding block

3. Then takes hold of clothing or arm and executes rising elbow strike

Downward elbow strike

1. From clinch defender throws front rising kick to groin

2. Pulls down on opponents head

3. Delivers downward elbow strike to base of neck

Downward elbow thrust

This time used as either a strike to the opponents elbow or as a wrist lock, this move was seen in the old ITF pattern Ko Dang moves 15 and 16.

1. From clinch defender seizes opponent's wrist steps backwards and twists wrist and straightens the arm.

2. Applies downward elbow strike to opponents joint

3 & 4. When performed as a wrist lock, press down on elbow joint while twisting wrist, positioning opponent for finishing strike 15 b

Side elbow Strike

Used in an attempt to break away from a grab from behind.

1. From grab from behind defender twists an applies side elbow strike

Front elbow & Side Elbow strike.

Front elbow strike and Side elbow strike combination.

1. Defender is on the outside of opponent and pulls and holds in with reaction arm, and applies front elbow strike

2. Then applies side elbow strike.

3. Extends arm pushing body into opponents extended arm causing damage to joint.

1. When on the inside of opponent apply front elbow strike

2. Followed by side elbow strike.

3. Then applies arm bar by pushing down on opponents upper arm and lifting wrist. (reverse view)

Back elbow trust.

Back elbow strike (Dwit palkup Taerigi)

1. Opponent takes hold of forearm.

2. Defender traps opponents hand with free hand while securing hold on opponents forearm.

3. Then snatches opponents arm backwards performing back elbow strike with right arm, locking opponents elbow.

Knee strikes

The knee like the elbow is a close quarter inside grappling range striking technique, knee strikes are delivered from the front, from the side (roundhouse knee) or a dropping down knee onto a felled opponent. Strikes to a standing opponent are effective when delivered to the groin with a front knee strike, inside of the thigh (femoral nerve) or the outside of the thigh {peroneal nerves} when using roundhouse knee. When applying dropping knee target area could be ribcage, solar plexus, face or and extended limb. But avoid lifting leg to high as it can run the risk of being grabbed.

Front Knee strike Choong Moo pattern.

Moves 10,11,12,13 Choong Moo pattern release grab, knee strike and takedown.

1. From clinch defender strikes with low block to release grip .

2. Takes a secure hold behind the neck and pulls opponent inwards while executing front knee strike.

3. Then drops leg down and pushes leg backwards to outside of opponent while turning and taking opponent down.

Roundhouse knee.

Used in grappling range and targeted to the outside or inside of thigh.

A. Applied to outside of thigh

B. Or inside of thigh

Dropping down knee strike

Used against a felled opponent, or when pulled to the ground in a grappling situation.

1. Defender throws opponent to ground.

2. As opponent falls to the ground, he takes a secure hold on defenders clothing pulling him towards the floor.

3. Defender adjusts body position and drops knee into opponent.


The techniques in this article are just a few of the elbow and knee techniques that are in the Chang Hon system and they can be found in many other patterns but to list them all would take up many pages of this magazine. Self protection training should be built around awareness and avoidance but if a fight is unavoidable then we must employ a continuous attack until the opportunity for escape arises.

Remember techniques are only effective when applied at the correct range and the methods are only applied if the situation requires them striking techniques are the priority methods in a physical self defence situation with grappling techniques coming secondary, drill the techniques with a partner using focus pads for pre emptive strikes and body shields and Tai pads to apply the close range elbow and knee strikes.

Jason Ainley 4th Degree Black Belt Eastern Cyprus Taekwon-do Pioneer Tae kwon do Asociation.

Disclaimer: Martial arts training requires professional supervision and should only be practised in good health and the correct training environment. The author and totally Tae kwon do magazine accept no responsibility for injury due to the use or misuse of techniques demonstrated in this article. All national and local laws relating to self defence must be considered. The author and totally Taekwondo magazine accept NO responsibility for prosecutions proceedings or injury against any person or body as a result of the use or misuse of techniques demonstrated in this article.